⋆Timeline of German History⋆

Diese Seite stellt in englischer Sprache wichtige Eckdaten deutscher Geschichte in einer Zeitleiste vor.

Die frühsten Träume täuschen nicht, doch wisse, Träume sind nicht Taten:

Ohne Arbeit wird dir nichts geraten. Die Tugend trägt ein ernstes Gesicht.

-Ernst Moritz Arndt.

962 German king Otto I. becomes Roman Emperor. It marks the beginning of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nations.
1356 The Golden Bull of Emperor Charles IV is issued. It serves as a constitution for the Holy Roman Empire for the next 400 years. Its name derived from Latin and refers to an authentication with a golden seal.
1455 The printing press is introduced by Johannes Gutenberg. He prints the Gutenberg Bible in Mainz.
1555 The peace of Augsburg is signed, the first documented example of religious freedom in Europe.

1618 -


The Thirty Years War takes place. In the beginning it is an armed conflict between Catholics and Protestants. Later, it is also a war between the houses of Habsburg and Bourbon. The war is fought across Central Europe. Germany is ravaged to a high degree.
1648 The Peace of Westphalia ends the Thirty Years War which leaves German speaking Europe divided into hundreds of states.
 1701  The Kingdom of Prussia is formed.


The Seven Years War takes place, a war that also spreads to North America and became known as the French and Indian War.


The ideas of French Revolution impact Germany.


The Napoleonic Wars alter the course of history for large parts of Europe.


At the Congress of Vienna the German Confederation (Deutscher Bund) is formed out of 35 princely states and 4 cities. The strongest state of the German Confederation is Prussia.


The black, red, and golden banner is raised for the very first time at The Hambach Festival. The festival reflected growing unrest in the face of political censorship. It marks the turning point for the German democracy movement and emphasizes the idea of German unity.


Revolutionary ideas across Europe of more political freedom also  transformed into an open revolution in many parts of the German Confederation. In Frankfurt, the first elected parliament for all of Germany convenes at the Paulskirche.

However, the revolution failed and some liberals were forced into exile to escape persecution. They became known as the Forty-Eighters in the United States.


The results of the Austro-Prussia War resultes in the dissolution of the German Confederation.


Germany joins World War I after its ally Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. The Treaty of Versailles leaves the new formed Weimar Republic with debts.


The Great Depression hits Germany hard.


World War II


The Berlin Blockade begins. The allies organize an airlift to supply West-Berlin.


The German Democratic Republic in the East and the Federal Republic of Germany in the West are founded. Konrad Adenauer becomes the first Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany.


West Germany joins the Nato.

East Germany joins the Warsaw Pact.


The Berlin Wall is built. It separates families. friends, and a nation.


German Reunification.