Die Formen von "to be"

"to be" = sein

 

Die Formen von "to be" sind wichtig für die Zeiten, da in diesen die richtige Form von "to be" benötigt wird.

 

Das Verb "to be" ist ein Hilfsverb, das heißt wir benutzen es um die Zeiten oder die Passivsätze zu "basteln".

Zunächst einmal die Form von "to be" in der Kurzübersicht


To be short form question form
I am I´m am I?
You are You´re are you?

He is

She is

It is

He´s

She´s

It´s

is he?

is she?

is it?

We are

You are

They are

We´re

You´re

They´re

are we?

are you?

are they?

Die Form von "to be" gehört zu den Hilfsverben.

Man benötigt "to be" nicht nur um auszudrücken wo

sich etwas gerade aufhält (He is in Rome),

sondern benötigen das Verb auch für die

1) Zeitenbildung

(She is playing piano / Present Progressive)

(They were eating at the restaurant / Past Progressive)

2) für Passivsätze

(A song is sung by her)

(This book was written by him)

 



Die Formen von to be im Simple Present:

 

I am here

You are here

He/ She / It is here

You are here

We are here

They are here

 

 

 


Die Formen von to be des Simple Present benötigt man um das Present Progressive zu bilden:

 

I am playing cricket

You are playing cricket

He/She/ It is playing cricket

You are playing cricket

We are playing cricket

They are playing cricket


Die Formen von to be im Simple Past

 

I was in Berlin

You was in Berlin

He/ She / It was in Berlin

You were in Berlin

We were in Berlin

They were in Berlin


Die Formen von to be des Simple Past benötigt man um das Past Progressive zu bilden:

 

I was visiting Washington

You was visiting Washington

He/ She / It was visiting Washington

You were visiting Washington

We were visiting Washington

They were visiting Washington

to be ist nicht nur ein Hilfsverb sondern gehört ebenso noch zu den unregelmäßigen Verben: to be / was-were / been

 

Das Past Participle (been) des Verbs to be wird zusammen mit einem anderem Hilfsverb "to have" benötigt um das Present Perfect Progressive zu bilden:

 

She has been playing piano