Thomas Jefferson , 3rd president of the United States of America, prefered agriculture rather than manufacturing as the primary economic base of the country.
It would assure the the best kind of societey, he argued, where everyone who works in agriculture was independent.
His idea was:
"Those who labor in the earth are the chosen people of God, if he ever had a chosen people, whose breasts he has made his particular deposit for substantial and genuine virtue. It is the focus in which he keeps alive that sacred fire, which otherwise might escape from the face of the earth. Corruption of morals in the mass cultivator is a phenomenon of which no age nor nation has furnished an example
Another idea was that the farmers were superior to the paid workers in manufacturing.