Advanced Studies

John Trumbull´s Declaration of Independence - Public Domain
John Trumbull´s Declaration of Independence - Public Domain

Primary Sources throughout American History:

I. Early Conceptualizations of America
 

Christopher Columbus: Journal of the First Voyage to America (1492-1493)

 

John Smith: A Description of New England (1616) 

 

Samuel Sewall: A Little before Break-a-Day (1701) 

 

George Berkerley: "On the Prospect of Planting Arts and Learning in America" (1752)

 
II. Puritans
 

Thomas Sheppard: "The Autobiography" (1649)

 

Anne Bradstreet: "The Flesh and the Spirit" (1651) 

 
III. The Revolutionary Era
 

John Locke: An Essay on Civil Government (1689/90) 

 

Samuel Adams: "The Rights of the Colonists" (1772) 

 

Thomas Paine: Common Sense (1776) 

 

Thomas Jefferson: The Declaration of Independence (1776)

 
VI. Shaping a New Nation
 

Benjamin Rush: "Thoughts upon Education Proper in a Republic" (1786)

 

Aspasio: "Anniversary Ode, for July 4th, 1789"

 

Daniel Webster: An Oration, Pronounced the 4th Day of July, 1800

 

John Quincy Adams: "Inaugural Address" (1825)

 
V. Expansionism
 

Jedidiah Morse: The American Geography (1789)

 

Charles Paine: An Oration, Pronounced July 4, 1801

 
VI. African Americans and Slavery
 

Phillis Wheatley: "On Being Brought from Africa to America" (1786) 

 

Henry Highland Garnet: "Address to the Slaves of the United States of America" (1843) 

 

William Lloyd Garrison: "Address to the Slaves of the United States" (1843) 

 

Frederick Douglass: What to the Slave is the Fourth of July? (1852)

 
VII. Civil War
  Abraham Lincoln: "First Inaugural Address" (1861)  
VIII. Reconstruction