Advanced Studies

John Trumbull´s Declaration of Independence - Public Domain
John Trumbull´s Declaration of Independence - Public Domain

Primary Sources throughout American History:

I. Early Conceptualizations of America

Christopher Columbus: Journal of the First Voyage to America (1492-1493)


John Smith: A Description of New England (1616) 


Samuel Sewall: A Little before Break-a-Day (1701) 


George Berkerley: "On the Prospect of Planting Arts and Learning in America" (1752)

II. Puritans

Thomas Sheppard: "The Autobiography" (1649)


Anne Bradstreet: "The Flesh and the Spirit" (1651) 

III. The Revolutionary Era

John Locke: An Essay on Civil Government (1689/90) 


Samuel Adams: "The Rights of the Colonists" (1772) 


Thomas Paine: Common Sense (1776) 


Thomas Jefferson: The Declaration of Independence (1776)

VI. Shaping a New Nation

Benjamin Rush: "Thoughts upon Education Proper in a Republic" (1786)


Aspasio: "Anniversary Ode, for July 4th, 1789"


Daniel Webster: An Oration, Pronounced the 4th Day of July, 1800


John Quincy Adams: "Inaugural Address" (1825)

V. Expansionism

Jedidiah Morse: The American Geography (1789)


Charles Paine: An Oration, Pronounced July 4, 1801

VI. African Americans and Slavery

Phillis Wheatley: "On Being Brought from Africa to America" (1786) 


Henry Highland Garnet: "Address to the Slaves of the United States of America" (1843) 


William Lloyd Garrison: "Address to the Slaves of the United States" (1843) 


Frederick Douglass: What to the Slave is the Fourth of July? (1852)

VII. Civil War
  Abraham Lincoln: "First Inaugural Address" (1861)  
VIII. Reconstruction