The term “Goodwife” was used in seventeenth-century New England in order to address married Puritan women. "Goody" was an abbreviation for Goodwife, and used like "Mrs." is used today.
The Puritans took the bible literally. Womens had to submit themselves to men just the way men had to submit themselves to God. After women had got married, they were supposed to function as the “dependable helpmeet” of their husbands. Typically, “Puritan Goodwives” were expected to spin, preserve food, cook, and clean while caring for their children, and perhaps raising and slaughtering livestock. They were compelled to keep their homes immaculate, which was seen as a sign of their religious purity in the eyes of the church. They were taught to read in order to read the holy word, which enabled them to teach their children to be good Christians.
Very briefly one can say that a "Goodwife" stood for three c: cooking, children and church.