GEOGRAPHY OF GERMANY

Central Europe


"Im Grunde kehrt alles Große in der Welt auch im Kleinen wieder, wenn man es nur erkennen will."

-Alexander von Humboldt-

RELATED SECTIONS:

Climate of GermanyGerman History

Located in west-central Europe, the country stretches from the most prominent mountain range of Europe, the Alps in the South, to the German and Baltic Sea in the North. The nation´s territory covers 137.969 square miles (357.340km²), consisting of 3011 square miles of waters. Germany is the 7th largest European country. Discover the unique spirit of Germany, or start your European vacation right here since the country shares borders with nine other European countries, namely:

 

Denmark, Poland, Czech Republic, Austria, Switzerland, France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands.

Germany can be divided into four geographical regions (from north to south):

 

The Northern Lowland (including the German Islands)

 

The low mountain range

 

The pre-alpine lands

 

The mountainous highlands

 

Germany's highest peak is the Zugspitze which peak is nearly 10.000 feet (2962 m).  This mountain is located in the (Bavarian) Alps. Forests cover almost a third of the country' s total surface. The Rhine, which is located in the very West, is the longest river with a length of 820 miles, followed by the Elbe as the country's second-largest. Another important river is the Danube which rises in the Black Forest and stretches to the Black Sea. Lakes of note are the  Chiemsee, Bodensee and the Muritz lake. Germany's largest islands are Rügen and Usedom, both located at the northeastern Baltic coast.