⋆ THE GERMAN CONFEDERATION ⋆

(1815 - 1866)


"Jede Zeit hat ihre Aufgabe, und durch die Lösung derselben rückt die Menschheit weiter"

-Heinrich Heine-

Public Domain: Flags through the ages and cross the world, 1975.
Public Domain: Flags through the ages and cross the world, 1975.

The German Confederation (Deutscher Bund) was established by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to replace the destroyed Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation that was destroyed after the Napoleonic Wars. The Austrian chancellor Klemens von Metternich was the architect of the Confederation. It was a response to the chaotic stage after Napoleon Bonaparte had been defeated. The strongest state of the Confederation was Prussia.

 

Before Napoleon entered the stage of history, there had been 300 separate German kingdoms.


The German Confederation was a loose association of 39 German-speaking countries and cities. It had no head of a state, and the only organ was the Federal Assembly that met in Frankfurt am Main. There were efforts to improve the Confederation in 1834 with the establishment of a customs union, the Zollverein.

 

The German Confederation can be seen as the first step on the path leading to the unification of Germany.

- purpose of the german confederation -

Replacement of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation

Protection of its members

Guarantee of the external and internal peace of Germany

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